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City Overview Albuquerque, New Mexico

For decades motorists have gotten their kicks on Route 66, which wends its way through downtown Albuquerque on Central Avenue. This high desert city at the foot of the Sandia Mountains boasts a rich cultural heritage of Mexican, Native American, and Anglo traditions.

From the banks of the Rio Grande to the Native American pueblos and reservations to the old Spanish missions, Albuquerque has retained much of its historical appeal as a Wild West frontier town. Its location in Central New Mexico makes it an ideal base for day trips north to...

City Facts

  • Founded: 1706 (incorporated, 1891)
  • Head Official: Mayor Martin Chavez (since 2001)
  • City Population 1980: 332,920
    • 1990: 384,915
    • 2000: 448,607
    • 2003: 471,856
  • Percent change, 19902000: 15.9%
    • U.S. rank in 1980: 44th
    • U.S. rank in 1990: 38th (State rank: 1st)
    • U.S. rank in 2000: 42nd (State rank: 1st)
  • Metropolitan Area Population 1980: 485,430
    • 1990: 589,131
    • 2000: 712,738
    • Percent change, 19902000: 21.0%
  • U.S. rank in 1980: 80th
  • U.S. rank in 1990: 77th
  • U.S. rank in 2000: 62nd
  • Area: 180.64 square miles (2000)
  • Elevation: 5,311 feet above sea level
  • Average Annual Temperature: 56.0 F
  • Average Annual Precipitation: 8.12 inches
  • Major Economic Sectors: Trade, government, manufacturing
  • Unemployment Rate: 4.9% (January 2005)
  • Per Capita Income: $20,884 (1999)
  • 2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 35,762
  • Major Colleges and Universities: University of New Mexico, University of Phoenix, Albuquerque Technical-Vocational Institute, College of Santa Fe at Albuquerque
  • Daily Newspapers: Albuquerque Journal; The Albuquerque Tribune

Historical Snapshot

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