Alabama State Tree
Longleaf pine Pinaceae Pinus palustris
Leaf: Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark green needles per fascicle.
Flower: Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.
Fruit: Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. --6 to 10 inches long), ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.
Twig: Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.
Bark: Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.
Form: A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted needles at ends of branches.